The Burren

burren

The Burren is a karst landscape in Ireland.

Area and Boundary

The Burren measures approximately 250 square km and is enclosed roughly within the circle made by the some villages

Meaning

The Burren name came from the Irish word “Boireann” which means Great Rock.

Age

Probably more than 6000 years old

Description

Burren is rich with historical and archaeological sites. There are more than 90 megalithic tombs in the area, portal dolmens and the exceptionally well-preserved Caherconnell Stone Fort.

caherconnell_stone_fort

Facts

The rolling hills of Burren are composed of limestone pavements with criss-crossing cracks known as “grikes“, leaving isolated rocks called “clints”.

rolling_hills

The Burren is renowned for its remarkable assemblage of plants and animals

The blue flower of the Spring Gentian, an alpine plant, is used as a symbol for the area by the tourist board.

blue_flower

The Fauna of the Burren is like a cherry on top.

fauna

The Burren is one of the main breeding areas in Ireland of the European Pine Marten.

pine_marten

One of Ireland’s great national treasures, the Gleninsheen Gold Collar was discovered near here in 1932, now on display in National Museum of Ireland

gleninsheen_collar

Burren is particularly known for the “West Clare Style” of concertina playing and the music festival in Doolin.

The Burren region is internationally famous for its landscape and Flora

flora

The many wedge tombs and megalithic tombs prove that people have been living in the Burren for more than 5000 years

Do you Know?

During counter-guerrilla operations in Burren in 1651-52, Edmund Ludlow, an English parliamentarian stated: –

“(Burren) is a country where there is not enough water to drown a man, wood enough to hang one, nor earth enough to bury him and yet their cattle are very fat; for the grass growing in turfs of earth, of 2 or 3ft square, that lie between the rocks, which are of limestone, is very sweet and nourishing.”

Facts

Burren’s many limestone cliffs, particularly the sea-cliffs at Ailladie, are popular with rock-cimbers

Pollnagollum, the longest and the 3rd deepest cave on the island of Ireland

pollnagollum_cave

Doolin is a popular “base camp” for cavers, and is home to one of the two main cave-rescue stores of the Irish Cave Rescue Organization.

doolin_camping

In 2011, the Burren was awarded the designation of a ‘Geopark’ in recognition of its rich and varied geology.

Geology

The Burren is composed of layers of limestone and there are 2 distinct regions; the ‘high Burren’ where terraced hills reach a maximum altitude of approximately 330m and the ‘low Burren’, a flat limestone plain with an average altitude of 20-30m

To See List

Poulnabrone

It is a dolmen in the Burren

poulnabrone_dolmen

Cahercommaun

It is a triple stone Ringfort on the south-east edge of the Burren area. It is not just one of the finest archaeological attractions in the country but also the largest inland cliff fort.

cahercommaun

Corcomroe Abbey

It is a 12th century Cistercian Monastery, resting in the north of the Burren region and also known as Sancta Maria de Petra Fertilis. It is also one of the area’s main scenic attractions.

corcomroe_abbey

Kilnaboy

The name means “church of Baoth’s daughter”, is a village, townland and civil parish close to The Burren, rich in heritage and natural beauty. At Kilnaboy Church there is the only example in the whole of northwestern Europe of a double-armed cross built into a west gable.

kilnaboy_church

Kilfenora

It is a village and a civil parish on the south of The Burren. Kilfenora has been known as the “City of the Crosses” for its 7 (now 5) high crosses.

kilfenora_cross

Aillwee Cave

It is a cave in the karst landscape of The Burren. The name Aillwee is derived from the Irish Aill Bhuí which means “yellow cliff“. The cave has an underground river and a waterfall as well as some large stalactites and stalagmites. The cave is considerably older than most of the Clare caves and the calcite samples in the recesses of the cave have been dated to over 350,000 years old.

aillwee_cave

Pol an Ionain

It is a limestone cave near on the western edge of The Burren. The cave’s most notable feature is its World’s longest known free-hanging stalactite.

entrance_to_pol_an_ionain

Cliffs of Moher

They are located at the southwestern edge of The Burren region. The cliffs rise 120m above the Atlantic Ocean at Hag’s Head, and reach their maximum height of 214m (702 ft). The cliffs rank amongst the top visited tourist sites in Ireland, and receive almost one million visitors a year.

cliffs_of_moher

 

 

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