Fasten your seat belts for the most exemplary journey of your life to one of the oldest cities of the world, Sirkap situated in Pakistan.
Builder and Style
Sirkap was built on the Greek pattern because it was built by the Greek King Demetrius; after he invaded ancient India around 180BC.
Sirkap is also said to have been rebuilt by King Menander I.
Sirkap, which means “severed head” and is the name of a mythological demon that is said to have lived on this site
The ruins, alongwith some others at Taxila became a World Heritage Site of UNESCO in 1980.
Sir John Marshall from 1912-1930.
Mortimer Wheeler from 1944-1945.
Layers of Cities
The massive excavation encountered 7cultural phases with a maximal depth of 6.6m.
On the top there was some Kushan material.
The 2nd and 3rd layers were having late Scythian and Parthian cities.
In 4th layer, the early Scythian or Saka city was hidden.
In 5th and 6th , the Greek city was found.
The lowest layer introduced the Greek foundation.
The excavated area is about 1200m long and 400m wide
The surrounding wall of the city is 6-10m high, 5-7m wide and almost 4,800m long.
Things to See
The largest sanctuary of Sirkap, measuring about 70 by 40m with rooms for Monks.
Double-Headed Eagle Stupa
A double-headed eagle is engraved on it, from which the name of the Stupa has been derived.
The coins from Sirkap are carrying much information, for they give the names of the Greek kings who ruled the city.
The temple also served as a clock as people at Sirkap used to measure time by the shadow of the Sun on the divisions they had made on it.
For its safety, the remains of Sirkap have been declared `Protected Antiquity` under the Antiquities Act 1975 of Pakistan.
People of the Time
Wealthy people of Sirkap wore elegant gold and silver jewelry and used mirrors, scent flasks, ear cleaners, hairpins, toothpicks, and combs while children played with toy carts and models of birds and animals. There are even toy furniture of bone and ivory.
Earthquake destroyed the city in c.30 AD