Shahr-e Sukhteh

Fire

Shahr-e Sukhteh, meaning, “Burnt City” is the richest and the largest Bronze Age archaeological site, associated with the Jiroft culture.

Location

It is located in Sistan and Baluchistan, Iran

Significance

In July 2014 it was placed on the World Heritage List of UNESCO

4 civilizations have lived in the city

Area

The city covers an area of 151 hectares.

Origin

The settlement appeared around 3200 BC.

End

Abandoned in 1800 BC

Discovery

The site was discovered and investigated by Aurel Stein, a Hungarian-British archaeologist in 1900s.

Finds

Pottery vessels with drawings

Vessel

 

The world’s earliest known artificial eyeball which was placed inside the left eye socket of a 28-32 years old woman

 

Artificial Eye

The oldest known backgammon and dice

 

 Dice Backgammon

 

 

A human skull which indicates the practice of Brain Surgery

 

 Brain Surgery Brain Surgery

 

A cream-colored clay Goblet which is believed to bear world’s first animation

 

World's first animationGoblet

Seal
 Seal
A large building with 17 rooms
Building

More than 100 mounds

Cemetery with around 2000 graves

Cemetery Cemetery

Craftsmanship

Inhabitants of the city used their teeth as a tool for weaving and to make baskets and other handmade products and the excavations at the Burnt City also suggest that the inhabitants were a race of  intelligent and civilized people who were both farmers and craftsmen.

Facts

In June 2009, Iranian archeologists announced that the city’s men died between the ages of 35 to 45, while women lived well into their 80s.

The discovered earthenware mostly includes simple bowls, drinking cups and water bottles.

Earthenwares

Most of the Burnt City inhabitants believed in life after death and therefore buried dishes, water and other living requirements with the deceased.

The inhabitants were peaceful people and had no defensive fortress or wall

This is not it, we strongly hope that further research will continue to reveal about this ancient city…!!!!!

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