Keep calm and get ready to observe one of the most incredible and sensational sites of the world.
Tiwanaku was significant in Inca traditions because it was believed to be the site where the world was created.
PumaPunku or PumaPunku is part of a large temple complex or monument group site near Tiwanaku, Bolivia. PumaPunku belongs to the Tiwanaku culture from 330AD -1000AD.
45 miles west of La Paz, high in the Andes Mountains, lie the mysterious ancient ruins of PumaPunku.
Tiwanaku in 2008, became UNESCO’s World Heritage Site.
In the language of Quechua “PumaPunku” means “Gate of the Puma“.
There structures are mostly man made and include the wall foundations of buildings and compounds, water conduits, pool-like features, terraces, residential compounds, and widespread gravel pavements all of which now lie buried and hidden beneath the modern ground’s surface.
The Tiwanaku civilization and the use of these temples appears to some to have peaked from 700 to 1000 CE. By which point, the temples and surrounding area may have been home to some 4,00,000 people.
PumaPunku lost much of it due to treasure hunting, looting, stone mining for building stone and railroad ballast, and natural weathering but hasn’t lost too much to let you ignore it!!
They used Granite, Gray Diorite and Andesite, very solid natural materials.
Cultural and spiritual significance
It is theorized that PumaPunku functioned as spiritual and ritual centers and human sacrifices for the Tiwanaku and possibly believed to be home to the spirits of their dead. This area was believed to have existed between Heaven and Earth.
Statue of Viracocha
He was the great creator and destroyer god.
Gateway of the Sun
It is said that, here the great god creator, Viracocha, entered the world and created humanity. It was carved out of a single piece of 12 ton granite.
Fuente Magna Bowl
It is one of the most important archaeological artifacts, the Ceramic bowl has Sumerian cuneiform and Proto-Sumerian hieroglyphic written on it.
What makes PumaPunku unique????
This will definitely strike your mind and if doesn’t then it should and Yes there is an answer of this question.
Firstly, the stonework seems to be done with heavy machines and lasers. Isn’t it shocking??
Secondly, there stones are placed with perfect right angles, smooth like silk. How?
Do you Know???
PumaPunku is above natural tree line, meaning that no trees were grown and cut in this region So obviously, they had no wooden rollers so the question is how did they transport the stones?
Things to Know
The megalithic stones found at PumaPunku are among the largest on the planet, measuring up to 26 feet.
There are stones at PumaPunku that weigh over 100 tons.
It’s one of the most mysterious megalithic complexes in the world
One stone is said to weigh in excess of 800 tons.
PumaPunku is the best examples of masonry skills in Pre-Columbian Americas.
Their mathematics, geometry and geology is something that most of today’s engineers lack.
PumaPunku is now understood to be at least 14,000 years old.
The Gate of the Sun was originally part of PumaPunku.
PumaPunku is also said to be the place for carrying out rituals of ancient Indian tribes.
The largest stone monolith PumaPunku is a block of red sandstone approx. weighs 131 ton and has a size 7.81m x 5.17m x 1.07m. How did they break them off from the cliff and adjusted them without Mortar?
The builders of PumaPunku used llama skin ropes and ramps and inclined planes?
First inhabitants of PumaPunku had supernatural powers and were able to move stones from the ground and carry them through the air using sounds. The Inca tribes accept those legends and deny that their ancestors built it.
Available facts and figures says that it could have been because of rapid environmental changes or a drought.
PumaPunku also is thought to have been abandoned before it was finished.
At its peak, PumaPunku is thought to have been “unimaginably wondrous” but I personally disagree because it’s still magnificent and won’t despair your visit.