Don’t be so proud if you are in a metropolis today; we’re taking you to one of the oldest metropolises of the world.
It was first established in 312 BC as the capital city of Nabataeans and now it’s a symbol of Jordan, as well as Jordan’s most-visited tourist attraction. It’s Petra.
It lies in the east of Wadi ‘Araba in Jordan about 80km south of the Dead Sea.
In 1812 by a Swiss explorer who followed some local tribesmen there before that it was unknown to the Western World.
To See List
Al-Kazneh is one of the temples in the ancient Edomite city of Petra and its name Kazneh means “treasure” and comes from the Bedouin belief that the Pharaoh chasing the Israelites hid his treasure in the urn at the top of the Kazneh.
The Monastery is the largest tomb in Petra, measuring 50m wide and 45m high. Despite its name, it was built as a tomb monument and may have acquired its name from the crosses inscribed inside.
Jebel Haroun or Mount Hor is the place where Moses’ brother Aaron was buried. Most scholars reject this.
The city has been inhabited since prehistoric times and in 1985, it became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Petra is now described as “one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural heritage“.
Petra is half-built, half-carved into the rock. There are over 1,000 burial monuments in Petra; most of these were for family and tribal units. They also had 800 structures in Petra and unlike many other civilizations; all of them were made by Nabataeans sculptors and not by imported slaves or workers.
How got Famous???
The reason, Petra got famous is lovelier than the Petra itself; in the third Indiana Jones film, “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade” when he went to find the Holy Grail, drove Petra into spotlight since then people go to see it.
Despite of a very long period of excavation, only about 15% of Petra has been explored by archaeologists and the rest, remains to be discovered.
This sweet site was destroyed by a large earthquake in AD 363 but it has still got a lot to please your senses and take your breath.
Have a wonderful journey.