The Nazca Lines are a series of ancient Geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert in Peru built by the Nazca People of Peru who were a prehistoric culture, inhabited the region from about 100 BC to 800AD when most of the lines were created.
UNESCO made a space for it in the World Heritage Site list in 1994.
Scholars believe the Nazca Lines were created by the Nazca culture between 400 and 650AD.
800 Straight lines
300 Geometric figures
70 Animal and plant designs
The straight lines run up to 30 miles
The Biomorphs range from 50 to 1200ft in length (as large as the Empire State Building)
The lines are superficial; they are only 10 to 30cm deep
The lines and figures can only be seen with the aid of flight.
Toribio Mejia Xesspe spotted the lines and started studying the line in 1926.
People around the globe came to know about it in 1930, when some people discovered Nazca Lines when they were crossing the Nazca desert by plane.
American Professor, Paul Kosok started working on this site on June 22, 1941 and he declared the 310 square mile stretch of high desert, “the largest astronomy book in the world”.
Lady of the Lines
German Maria Reiche studied the lines for 40 years and became to known as the Lady of the Lines.
The first mention of the Nazca Lines in hard copy was by Pedro Cieza de Leon in his book of 1553, where he mistook them for trail markers.
The area encompassing the lines is nearly 500 km2
Spider (sign of rain) 62m
Hummingbird (sign of fertility) 83m
Round-headed human (the astronaut)
The extremely dry, windless, and constant climate of the Nazca region has preserved the lines well.
The Japanese have been taking keen interest in the site and their University; Yamagata University discovered 2 new figures in early 2011.
In March 2012, the same university announced a new research center would be opened at the site in September 2012 to study the area for the next 15 years. The team has been doing field work there since 2006 and has found about 100 new Geoglyphs.
How did they see their Lines???
Why did they make such huge figures when actually they couldn’t see them, themselves?
In 1977, Jim Woodman hypothesized that the Nazca people used hot-air balloons for “ceremonial flights” to view their creations then risked their lives on a balloon ride that reached a height of 300ft. The balloon soon descended rapidly; the balloonists bailed out 10 feet above the desert before it crashed some distance away.
Purpose of the Lines???
To be seen by their gods in the sky?
To entertain the gods?
Related to astronomy and cosmology?
The lines and figures were part of religious practices involving the worship?
Indicated the flow of water?
The evidence of massive looms that the Nazcas used to make textiles?
Intended to act as a kind of observatory?
How they Drawn???
Scholars have theorized the Nazca people could have used simple tools and equipments for the lines. Archaeological surveys have found wooden stakes in the ground at the end of some lines, which support this theory.
A book, “Chariots of the Gods” by Erich Von Daniken says that the Nazca lines were created by aliens and used as landing strips.
Archeologists say the Nazcas developed a system to bring groundwater to the surface for irrigation.
Nazca Lines are concerned about threats of pollution and erosion caused by deforestation and now there’s one more trouble; the climate is has been changing very fast all over the world and if this region gets rainfall then we will no longer be able to see this site.
The region has already faced flood and mudslide in February 2007.
When an El-Nino triggered widespread and destructive flooding and People started cutting trees to maintain their livelihood and this gradual removal of trees would have exposed the landscape to the effects of climate perturbations, such as El-Nino.