One of the largest cemetery in the world believed to be the burial place of some 125,000 local rulers, Sufi saints and others located on the outskirts of Sindh, Pakistan.
From the 14th to the 18th centuries, Thatta was the city, which commanded the delta of the Indus and remained at service of 3 dynasties; Samma, Argun and Tarkhan then went into the hands of the Mughal emperors of Delhi.
Makli joined the list of World Heritage List in 1981 under the name, Historical Monuments of Makli, Thatta.
The Makli necropolis owns half a million tombs and graves in an area of about 10km2.
Makli has been working as a cemetery since the Samma Dynasty (1335-1520).
Normally, Makli is famous for its tombs and they are the attraction which drives people towards Makli.
There are number of Tombs situated in Makli. Some of them are:-
Jam Nizamuddin II’s tomb has a Gujarat style.
Mirza Isa Khan Tarkhan the Younger and his father, Jan Baba’s tomb is built from Yellow sandstone from Kathiawar is one and only type tomb in Pakistan.
Diwan Shurfa Khan’s tomb is Blue tiled tomb and has Central Asian influence.
Prince Ibrahim Ibn Mirza’s tomb resembles Mughal-era tombs in Lahore.
Daya Khan Rahu’s tomb is a canopy tomb.
Baqi Beg Uzbek’s tomb is a brick tomb.
Makli’s integrity is threatened by the significant decay because of climate changes, earthquakes, temperature etc. In addition, encroachments and vandalism threaten the site.
One more factor is actively busy in ruining this site and that is the Salt Air, carried by the monsoons has an extremely harmful and corrosive effect on the brick, rendering the preservation of a large number of monuments of the Makli.
In terms of the Antiquities Act, 1975, of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan; Provincial Government of Sindh is responsible for the management and protection of the Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta.
The architecture at Makli seems so similar to the one of Gujarat and also reflects influence of Mughals imperial architecture and Thatta is thought to be the Mother of stone decoration and also used glazed tile models.
One can easily tell, whose resting in the grave because of: –
Weapons, Daggers and Swords on Warriors’ graves
Moon, Star, Sun and Jewelry on Females’ graves.
Makli was the favored graveyard of kings, commoners, and all classes and unlike any other graveyard, it’s is on the Hill a km next to Thatta city in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Makli hill describes the marks of those who came and ruled.
Witnessing this all, will make your eyes watered with strange feeling of Grief and Amusement.
Today Makli is visited by both; Pilgrims and Tourists and one desires to DIE, when visits this graveyard 🙂